Sequelitis at the American Box Office
In 2011, for the second year in a row, the American domestic box office declined. It dropped almost $400 million, the steepest yearly drop since 2005, and attendance numbers were the lowest they’ve been since 1995. If the American public “votes with their dollar,” then apparently they aren’t very happy with the candidates coming out of Hollywood. Perhaps this is because they look and sound an awful lot like the candidates that were in the running last year, and the year before that, and fifteen years before that.
2011 was, much like 2010, the year of the sequel. The seven highest-grossing movies of 2011 were all sequels, and sequels accounted for approximately one-third of 2011 box office receipts. Both of those statistics sound like they should please studio executives, until you compare some sequel grosses to those of the previous films in their respective franchises (grosses in millions):
|2011 film||Preceding film in franchise|
|Transformers: Dark of the Moon – $352||Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen – $402|
|Twilight: Breaking Dawn Pt. 1 – $280||Twilight: New Moon – $301|
|The Hangover Pt. 2 – $254||The Hangover – $277|
|Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides – $241||Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End – $309|
|Cars 2 – $191||Cars – $244|
|Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows – $179||Sherlock Holmes – $209|
|Kung Fu Panda 2 – $165||Kung Fu Panda – $215|
|Alvin and the Chipmunks: Chipwrecked – $125||Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel – $219|
Box office fatigue describes genres that run their course and lose their allure thanks to an abundance of copycats and clichés, and now it is time to apply the concept to established franchise properties. Film studios tend to stick with safe, well-worn plots and character types, and the sequel represents the epitome of a theoretically fail-proof production. Marketing well-known and loved robots seems like a financially prudent move, particularly during the current economic downturn. Nonetheless, the American public appears to be tiring of predictable, familiar films, demanding new creative content that doesn’t simply rework the elements of a previous film. Based on the schedule of upcoming films for 2012, which currently features over 25 sequels, film studios seem to have missed the memo.
Perhaps the most telling fact is that the 2011 sequels that did surpass their predecessors’ grosses were those that took time off or moved their series in a new direction. Rise of the Planet of the Apes (which came out 10 years after the 2001 franchise reboot) and Mission Impossible: Ghost Protocol (which came out 6 years after Mission Impossible III) each revitalized a previously floundering franchise with a critically acclaimed update; their respective scores on Rotten Tomatoes stand at 83% (new window) and 93% (new window). Clearly, audiences and critics are not averse to established franchises, provided that studios offer a meaningful and less blatantly economically-driven reason to revisit their worlds. A stalwart series such as Harry Potter will weather consumer mood swings thanks to a loyal following and a finite narrative that spans several films, but other less defined franchises now need to prove that each subsequent iteration brings something new to the cinema.
Unfortunately, booming international revenues for these sequels means that the trend is unlikely to change. All eight of the films in the table above surpassed the worldwide grosses of their predecessors. The growing international market for films from the United States will (eventually) reach a saturation point, but with the improving prospects for sequels around the globe, it appears that American film goers will be stricken with sequelitis for years to come.
All statistics from Box Office Mojo (new window)